Jeff’s Mission

I have more than 30 years of experience establishing, enhancing and protecting the rights of businesses and individuals throughout the State of Arizona, and especially in the Phoenix metropolitan area. I built my law practice on the commitment to provide my clients with personal service and attention. I will be the only attorney working directly with you at all times. I have a comprehensive knowledge and understanding of business transactions, and of the day-to-day legal needs of small businesses and individuals. I am also an experienced and successful trial lawyer.

Passage of the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act, A.R.S. §36-2801-§36-2819 (AMMA) has given me the perfect opportunity to combine my support for the cannabis community and its entrepreneurs with more than 30 years’ broad ranged experience in the private practice of law in Maricopa County, Arizona. I have carefully studied the laws, rules, regulations, restrictions and ordinances that affect cardholders and licensees and limit medical marijuana production and distribution in Arizona. Arizona’s statutes and administrative rules are unlike any other state. They are very restrictive.

I am proud to be the attorney for White Mountain Health Center, Inc. in its case against. County of Maricopa, Maricopa County Attorney William Montgomery, Arizona Department of Health Services, Will Humble and the State of Arizona. White Mountain Health Center, Inc. is challenging portions of the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act and the administrative rules and regulations adopted to implement the AMMA, by state, county, local government officials. AZDHS and Maricopa County. Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne and Maricopa County Attorney William “Bill” Montgomery claim that the AMMA cannot be enforced and is, essentially illegal, because it conflicts with the U.S. Constitution and the Federal Controlled Substances Act which allegedly preempt the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act.

“I have a personal interest in the success of the medical marijuana industry. My mother suffered from breast cancer and experienced terrible pain and suffering, as the disease ran its course. I believe that medical marijuana would have reduced her suffering.”   Jeffrey S. Kaufman

I have also counseled clients and drafted corporate and limited liability company Articles of Organization and Operating Agreements, Bylaws, Minutes, buy-sell agreements and other forms of contracts for clients in the medical marijuana field including dispensary owners, caregivers and collectives in Phoenix, the East and West Valley, Prescott, Prescott Valley, Tucson, Mesa, Gilbert, Chandler, Globe, Apache Junction, Cottonwood, northern Arizona and throughout the State of Arizona. I have successfully litigated cases involving the rights of applicants in the Fountain Hills, Cordes Junction and Sun City CHAA’s (Community Health Assessment Area), in the Maricopa County Superior Court. The names of other clients are confidential cannot be revealed without their consent.

There are many opportunities for the existing and potential members, shareholders, interest holders, directors and others in the “non-profit/not for profit” LLC’s, corporations, partnerships and other forms of dispensary and medical marijuana businesses. If properly documented, full or partial ownership interests in medical marijuana dispensaries, certification centers and other cannabis-oriented businesses can be transferred –even to persons that are not in the medical marijuana business already, or used as collateral.

Investors, employers, employees, agents, medical directors, recommending medical, osteopathic, naturopathic or homeopathic physician, volunteers, licensees, patients, caregivers, certification centers, growers, workers, processors of medibles, tinctures and edibles, delivery services, real estate agents and brokers will face many obstacles. I have represented clients in each of these areas, specifically regarding medical marijuana, as well in their business and personal lives.

Bar Admissions

  • Wisconsin, 1972
  • Arizona, 1973
  • U.S. District Court Western District of Wisconsin, 1972
  • U.S. Court of Appeals 9th Circuit, 1980


  • University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    • J.D., Doctor of Jurisprudence – 1972
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    • B.A., Bachelor of Arts – 1969
  • Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri – 1967


  • Pi Lambda Phi


  • AV rated by Martindale-Hubbell Peer Review Rating-highest ranking available


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Eleven months ago, I wrote a piece criticizing the Arizona Court of Appeals decision in Darrah v. McClennen/City of Mesa, a case that held that a medical marijuana patient could be convicted for DUI, if they had any amount of an “impairing metabolite” of cannabis in their system. I predicted that, based upon the immunity […]

The Arizona Department of Health Services (AZDHS) has yet to announce exactly when the remaining 25 or so dispensary registration certificates (licenses to open a dispensary and cultivate) will be issued, but odds are good that it will be in January, 2016.  If you do not already have an acceptable location for your dispensary by […]

On August 28, 2015, the Arizona Court of Appeals, Division Two, which encompasses most of southern Arizona, made a very important decision in a case entitled State v. Liwski. The court ruled that licensed caregivers cannot possess more than 2.5 ounces of harvested medical marijuana per licensed patient. The Defendant had 3.5 ounces of harvested […]

MMJ Patients Cannot Sell Marijuana to Other Patients                  On July 2, 2014, Judge Richard S. Fields of the Pima County Superior Court ruled that the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act (AMMA) must be interpreted to allow medical marijuana patients to sell medicine to other patients for any price.  As I predicted, on May 27, 2015, […]

On April 7, 2015, the Supreme Court of Arizona ruled that the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act (AMMA) is not affected, minimized, trumped, killed, unlawful or in conflict with the Federal Controlled Substances Act.  The Court stated that the federal courts are free to enforce federal law, but the federal government cannot force state courts to […]

            According to a recent study and a report issued in The Journal of Neuroscience, marijuana use is not associated with structural changes in the brain, according to imaging data published. Investigators from the University of Colorado at Boulder and the University of Louisville in Kentucky assessed brain morphology in both daily adult and adolescent […]

It should be no surprise to any of you that marijuana still is a Schedule I Controlled Substance and treated as a narcotic drug.  According to the feds, there is no medical use for cannabis, so it is placed in a category with heroin.  No doctor can prescribe either of them. How can this be?  […]

“The Maricopa County Planning and Development Department has approved a company’s plan of development for a medical-marijuana dispensary in Sun City, one of the final hurdles before the facility can open.” -Jeff Grant Click the link for the full Article!!


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There are approximately 25 open State of Arizona licensed dispensaries, considerably less than the 126 we had anticipated.  The deadline for a dispensary registration certificate holder to request inspection of their completed dispensary was June 8, 2013.  Some of us expected approximately 65 dispensaries to comply with this deadline or face mandatory loss of their […]

If you have funds to invest and can bear the risks of “violating federal law,” there are opportunities for you in the medical marijuana business. The Arizona Medical Marijuana Act is different than any other one in the United States. Do not rely upon your understanding of what is legal or illegal in California, Colorado […]

Cultivators and growers of marijuana are probably going to witness major changes in the way that they can distribute their plants, clones, seeds and medicine. I have met with some of you at recent MMJ events in Phoenix, Scottsdale, Sun City and Maricopa County. As soon as a dispensary opens within 25 miles of you […]

Even though the initial approximately 99 Dispensary Registration Certificates have been awarded by the Arizona Department of Health Services (AZDHS), there will be more dispensary licenses granted in the future. We can help you make plans and secure the necessary permits in properly-zoned locations. I have advised and represented people of all ages, races, genders […]

If you need legal advice regarding marijuana related crimes, with or without representation in court, we can help you. I am an experienced trial attorney, having prosecuted and defended criminal cases and many civil cases too. The Arizona Medical Marijuana Act provides defenses for cardholders , caregivers and dispensary agents, workers, certification personnel and others. […]

These are interesting times for you, to say the least. There is the right way and there are many wrong ways to conduct your business. Those ways are in the process of change. You already know that. We have provided legal counsel to many brave people in your field, often multiple times per day.

Cardholders have rights, but so have employers. Generally, unless you are working on a federal government project or in a “safety sensitive position,” or “working while impaired,” you must be treated just like any other employee. Gray areas include defining a “safety sensitive position.” Drug testing and the use of drug test results has resulted […]

Generally speaking, apartment and other renters have greater rights to consume marijuana on the property than commercial tenants. This does not mean that they necessarily have the right to grow marijuana plants. Anti-discrimination laws do not apply to commercial landlords. Claims of improper practices like discriminating against cardholders will certainly result in lawsuits and other […]

MMJ Business Opportunities

The enactment of the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act (AMMA) and other laws, rules and regulations permitting the cultivation, dispensing and use of medical marijuana in Arizona has opened the door to many business opportunities. Arizona needs dispensary operators, employees, growers, Medical Directors and infusers (people who develop marijuana into edible forms, such as bakery products and drinks). Caregivers and patients will also have to comply with the AMMA and Arizona Department of Health Service’s (ADHS’) Rules.

If you are planning to enter the  medical marijuana business, you will need to navigate a complex regulatory scheme, as well as to bear in mind the sticky issue of possible federal pre-emption of Arizona law. Attorney Jeffrey S. Kaufman has extensive experience as a business law practitioner, and he now actively assists clients involved on the business side of medical marijuana. Contact our Scottsdale medical marijuana business attorney online or call 480-994-8000 to schedule a consultation today.

For information about attorney Jeffrey S. Kaufman, and our law firm’s role in and status of the most important medical marijuana litigation in Arizona, White Mountain Health Center v. County of Maricopa or the issues of Arizona or federal marijuana laws, please see our resources page.

Rules Governing Medical Marijuana Dispensaries and Cultivation Sites

We offer a full range of advise and legal representation for the medical marijuana industry. If you already have or are considering applying for a dispensary license or a cultivation location, we can assist you with the entire process, from completing forms to representation at government hearings. Our experienced attorney will guide you through to the end.

There are strict regulations that those who wish to open dispensaries must follow. These stringent requirements include:

Attorney Jeffrey Kaufman will assist you in preparing the appropriate paperwork and contracts  with your staff or other principals and vendors. We will help your business to avoid violating the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act (AMMA) or county and local rules or zoning ordinances that can affect your eligibility to provide care to those who need it.  He is a valuable “go to” source for advice and a representative or a liaison with law enforcement.

Rules for Medical Marijuana Caregivers

Designated medical marijuana “caregivers” are permitted to properly distribute cannabis to qualified patients (QPs) who live more than 25 miles from the nearest dispensary. They can grow and cultivate up to 12 marijuana plants for distribution to each one of  up to 5 QPs. In order to qualify for a designated caregiver’s registry identification card, you must:

Our law firm will assist you in making sure that you have properly completed your application(s) or have questions about how to conduct transactions with your patients, other caregivers and dispensaries without violating Arizona state law. In addition, our experienced attorney is a former Deputy Maricopa County Attorney who will aggressively defend your rights if you are wrongfully arrested or  subjected to criminal penalties for the legitimate possession or distribution of medical marijuana. If your medicine or other property is seized by the police, we can help you get it back.

Opportunities and Risks in the Medical Marijuana Business

While growers, dispensaries, caregivers, and patients get most of the attention, other types of  business also require a careful and documented approach for entry and continued success in the medical marijuana marketplace. There are many opportunities for landlords, property managers, real estate professionals, transportation professionals, architects, security personnel, doctors and other providers of goods and services to the medical marijuana industry.

At our law firm, we advise our clients in not only the production, sale and distribution of marijuana, but also these ancillary industries. For example, property owners who rent to a dispensary must take care not to conflict with zoning ordinances. In addition, the tenants must be licensed to conduct their medical marijuana business. Violations will subject Landlords and Tenants to  severe civil and criminal penalties.

Contact Our Maricopa County Medical Marijuana Attorney

To discuss your business plans or legal case with experienced Scottsdale lawyer Jeffrey S. Kaufman, contact our law firm online or call our office at 480-994-8000 to schedule an initial consultation. We are available to meet with you weekdays between 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Evening and weekend appointments can usually be arranged upon request.

Business Law

Maricopa County Small Business Lawyer

At the law office of Jeffrey S. Kaufman, Ltd., we have a proven track record of bringing more than 30 years of experience to businesses and their owners throughout the Phoenix metropolitan area. We emphasize the highest level of personal service. When you hire attorney Jeffrey Kaufman to provide counsel, you will work directly with him at all times. He will keep you fully-informed of all developments and your options, as well as the potential consequences of different choices, so that you can make educated decisions that are in your best interest.

Our Law Practice

We provide a broad range of services to small businesses and individuals, handling transactional matters, as well as litigation. We work with property owners and purchasers and sellers of businesses and real estate. We represent residential and commercial landlords and tenants, including many restaurants. We counsel clients seeking to raise capital by Private Offerings to Accredited Investors and prepare Private Offering Memorandum for them. We help you to address and resolve most types of issues, from setting up your limited liability companies (LLC’s) and corporations; to drafting and interpreting contracts among employers, employees, and partners; vendors and customers; to litigation.

We represent real estate professionals, including brokers and agents and their clients. We provide counsel in all typical commercial and residential situations, including collection efforts, evictions, and litigation to recover damages and to clear title to real property. If you are facing foreclosure, we will work directly with your lender to look for other solutions, including the re-financing or re-negotiation of the terms of your loan. We are extremely familiar with and frequently provide advice concerning Arizona’s anti-deficiency judgment statutes and how to avoid deficiency judgments, if it is possible to do so.

Jeffrey Kaufman is a former Deputy Maricopa County Attorney, who has prosecuted serious felony cases and appeared in the Maricopa County Superior Court on a near-daily basis, during that employment. He has also worked as a federal public defender, defending felony cases in the United States District Court for the District of Arizona. He has more than 30 years of trial experience in civil cases, representing businesses and ordinary people, in all walks of life, who have had legal controversies. He has represented clients in a considerable number of appeals. He will also help you resolve your disputes through alternative means, including negotiation, mediation or arbitration, if it is in your best interest.

Getting Started

If you are considering getting involved with Arizona’s new legal medical marijuana industry, you will certainly benefit from the assistance of a knowledgeable business lawyer, who has studied and litigated issues interpreting the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act, rules adopted by the Arizona Department of Health Services, municipal zoning and county ordinances and other related issues. Taking the right steps to protect your interests and to maximize the results of your efforts is crucial.

At Jeffrey S. Kaufman, Ltd., we offer comprehensive counsel to businesses, business owners and individuals throughout Arizona and especially throughout the greater Phoenix metropolitan area, on the various issues that exist with regard to the medical marijuana industry. Contact our Scottsdale medical marijuana attorney online today or call 480-994-8000 to schedule an initial consultation.

For information about attorney Jeffrey S. Kaufman, and our law firm’s  role in the pivotal Maricopa County Superior Court medical marijuana case involving Maricopa County, the State of Arizona, Tom Horne, Will Humble, William “Bill” Montgomery,  our client, White Mountain Health Center and our client Fountain Hills Health Center, please see our resources page.

Protecting Your Legal Rights Under Arizona’s Medical Marijuana Laws

Arizona, county and municipality marijuana laws and regulations are still in a state of flux. We are monitoring them on a daily basis. If you fail to comply with any legal requirement, you could lose a great deal of money and time, risk the loss of your business licenses, or even go to jail.

At the law office of Jeffrey S. Kaufman, Ltd., we provide advice and counsel to anyone considering getting involved (or who is already involved) in the medical marijuana industry. Our experience includes assisting clients with the following legal requirements:

Criminal Defense for Legitimate Dispensary Operators, Caregivers and Patients and Others

While Arizona has amended its laws to allow for the limited use, sale and distribution of medical marijuana, the federal government still classifies cannabis as a Schedule I narcotic drug under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. This means that despite the registration, oversight and fees paid by medical marijuana businesses and patients, they are still subject to prosecution, incarceration and fines under federal law.

Failure to strictly adhere to all laws and administrative rules that  regulate Arizona medical marijuana can also result in criminal sanctions. In particular, failure to have and maintain the proper licenses and procedures for medical marijuana distribution and cultivation have serious consequences.

Click on our Resources tab to find more information concerning Medical Marijuana, its risks and your rights.

Contact Our Arizona Medical Marijuana Act Lawyer

To discuss your case with Arizona’s  medical marijuana laws attorney Jeffrey S. Kaufman, contact our law firm online or call our office at 480-994-8000 to schedule an initial consultation. We are available to meet with you weekdays between 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Evening and weekend appointments can usually be arranged upon request.



Medical Marijuana News

Arizona Medical Marijuana Resources

Mediation and Arbitration

Many disputes can be resolved quickly and relatively inexpensively without filing a lawsuit or going to court through mediation or arbitration.  Mediation is a fancy word for a structured “settlement conference,” in which the mediator negotiates with all sides and tries to get them to agree upon something that is not exactly what they want, but is something that everyone can live with.  Arbitration is like a trial before an arbitrator, who acts like a judge, but can decide the case more quickly and cheaply than a judge can.  I have personally participated in well over 100 mediations and arbitrations, both as an attorney and as a mediator or arbitrator.  If you have a dispute over marijuana, with others in the marijuana industry or any other type of dispute, please consider speaking with Jeffrey S. Kaufman, Esq. about your problem

Contact Us

Jeffrey S. Kaufman, Ltd.
5725 N. Scottsdale Rd., Suite 190
Scottsdale, AZ 85250
Phone: 480-994-8000
Toll Free: 866-398-4415
Fax: 480-994-8129
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